Hypertension has been long recognized as one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease and premature deaths worldwide. It is estimated to cause 9.4 million deaths and 7.0% of DALYs . In India, it exerts substantial public health burden on Cardiovascular health status and the health care system. It is estimated to account for 10.8% of all the deaths and 4.6% of DALYs in the country. The adult Hypertension prevalence has shown a drastic increase in the past three decades in urban as well as rural areas. It is estimated that 16% of Ischaemic Heart Disease, 21% of Peripheral Vascular Disease, 24% of Acute Myocardial Infarctions and 29% of strokes are attributed to hypertension. This stresses the need for its effective management and control and it highlights the huge impact it can have on the burden of Cardiovascular Diseases.
The increasing burden of Hypertension necessitates key strategies and policies for its prevention and effective management. There are several issues that arise when it comes to management of hypertension such as lack of availability of doctors (very low doctor to population ratio), concentration of specialists in urban areas and lack of training in management of hypertension at the graduate level (MBBS)
In the backdrop of these issues, Public Health Foundation of India, Centre for Chronic Disease Control, International Society of Hypertension and British Hypertension Society have started this Capacity Building initiative in Hypertension Management for primary care physicians in India.
The CCMH is a joint certification Program by Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI), New Delhi, Centre for Chronic Disease Control (CCDC), New Delhi, International Society of Hypertension (ISH) and British and Irish Hypertension Society (BIHS). The program is supported by an educational grant from Sun Pharma laboratories Limited.
The Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI) is a public private initiative that has collaboratively evolved through consultations with multiple constituencies including Indian and International academia, state and central governments, multi & bi-lateral agencies and civil society groups. PHFI is a response to redress the limited institutional capacity in India for strengthening training, research and policy development in the area of Public Health. Structured as an independent foundation, PHFI adopts a broad, integrated approach to public health, tailoring its endeavors to Indian conditions and bearing relevance to the countries facing similar challenges and concerns. The PHFI focuses on broad dimensions of public health that encompass promotive, preventive and therapeutic services, many of which are frequently lost in policy planning as well as in popular understanding. 14th Prime Minister of India launched launched PHFI on March 28, 2006 at New Delhi with a vision to strengthen India's public health institutional and systems capability and provide knowledge to achieve better health outcomes for all. PHFI recognizes the fact that meeting the shortfall of health professionals is imperative to a sustained and holistic response to the public health concerns in the country which in turn requires health care to be addressed not only from the scientific perspective of what works, but also from the social perspective of, who needs it the most.
CCDC, a WHO collaborating center for capacity building and research and a department of biotechnology designated center of excellence for clinical research is an independent and not-for-profit biomedical research organization, based in New Delhi, India. It is an academic health science research organization driven by a passion to promote and protect cardiovascular health in India and the world at large. CCDC undertakes clinical research in various domains of NCD. Within the spectrum of chronic diseases, its main focus areas are: cardiovascular disease, diabetes and metabolic diseases. Within these domains CCDC engages both in population based and hospital based research involving several scientific designs. It also specializes in data management, training, policy advocacy and scientific secretarial assistance to international agencies. Capacity building through both contact and non-contact training is one of the core strengths of CCDC. Through such training programs it has built substantial capacity in India and several other developing countries. CCDC is acting as academic partner for developing course curriculum in collaboration with other partners.
Established in 1966, the International Society of Hypertension (ISH) is committed to promoting and encouraging the advancement of scientific research and knowledge and its application to the prevention and management of heart disease and stroke in hypertension and related cardiovascular diseases around the world. The Society is a registered charity and has an active membership of over 1,000 from nearly 80 countries. Members include trainees, junior and established scientists, clinicians, health care providers and allied health care workers, all with a common interest in hypertension research.
BIHS is a registered society which promotes the advancement of knowledge and dissemination of information concerning the pathophysiology, epidemiology, detection, investigation and treatment of arterial hypertension and related vascular diseases. BIHS is the forum for professionals working in the field of hypertension and cardiovascular disease in the UK and Ireland. BIHS comprises doctors, nurses and other healthcare workers specializing in the delivery of care in hypertension and allied fields, together with clinicians and scientists in the forefront of cardiovascular research.